Tips for writing your first scientific literature review article BY Emily Crawford Emily Crawford often retreated to her apartment rooftop in San Francisco to write her review. Photo courtesy of Matthew Perry. When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully created by veterans of this particular writing process.
I found nothing of the sort, so I plowed ahead on my own, inventing techniques for myself. I was running a protein over a nickel column on a Sunday evening in February when my adviser approached me about co-authoring a review article for Annual Review of Biochemistry. That was fine with me — as a fifth-year graduate student, I had learned to cope with, and even prefer, extreme independence.
To be honest, I was excited to have this opportunity to examine the literature in depth and to create something useful out of it. Getting started Our topic was caspase substrates, a diverse group of proteins essential for programmed cell death and thus important to our understanding of how to kill cancer cells. I would paperx to assess the limits imposed by the journal 30 pages, six months as well as my own limits and the necessity to balance the writing project with lab work that was essential to finishing my Ph. Narrowing the scope of the article to conform to these boundaries was perhaps the biggest challenge of this process.
Knowing that I work better when I focus on one project at a time, I spent the next two months carrying out all of my regular lab work while only pondering the review article and skimming the literature when I had time. After that, I transitioned to full-time reading and writing. Afternoons I often spent writing at my apartment or at the library on campus. I tried to reassure myself by remembering that I had been rather good at writing term papers in college; but this was a larger task and one with the potential for having an impact on someone, somewhere, sometime who wanted to learn about caspase substrates.
In the end, I finished by the deadline well, plus one two-week extension the writihg agreed to grant me and was very happy with the product and with all I had learned about caspase substrates, about the scientific literature and about the review-writing process.
You should also read… 14 Literary Terms and Techniques to Click at this page Your Understanding of English To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. In order to Usage: In other words Usage: In other words, they live on the land and in the water.
To put it another way Usage: To put it another way, they will die without the sun. That is to say Usage: That is to say, they must breathe air. To that end Usage: To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.
Another key thing to remember Usage: Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him. As well as Usage: Not only… but also Usage: Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Firstly, secondly, thirdly… Usage: This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion. On the other hand Usage: Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion.
On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day. Having said that Usage: Having said useful phrases for writing research papers, the archaeology tells a different story. Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.
Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation. Here are some ways of doing so. With this in mind Usage: Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else. These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing. To give an illustration Example: Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent.
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Tips for Writing an Effective Research Paper Languages Tips for Writing an Effective Research Paper Updated: It could contain arguments based on a thesis with significant evidence from a variety of supporting and reliable sources. If you ask many individuals, they may say that writing a research paper is one challenging and meticulous task. But with enough practice throughout the years in school, it could be much easier once you get used to it. It definitely is meticulous because of the intensive research that comes with it, but if you really look at the big picture of it, a research paper just needs a few basic tips for it to be less challenging for individuals that are struggling.
Before we start with the tips for writing an effective research paper, have the following materials: Note paper make sure you have enough because you may be jotting down a lot of notes Two or three different colored highlighters for highlighting notes Index cards Follow these substantial steps to be organized in writing a research paper: Select your topic carefully Choose sources visit web page will be helpful and make sure they are reliable Index cards should be used to jot down helpful notes that you may need throughout the process source writing Your notes should be organized based on the topic it is under Have an outline that is well thought of Write a first draft so you have a skeleton of what your research paper Go through your first draft, read it thoroughly and re-write Edit when it is needed Do the proper research If you want to find helpful and reliable sources of information, the library is literally the best place to look around.
There are numerous books, published articles, journals and etc. Choose a comfortable place in your local library where you are away from distractions and you can focus on the work that needs to be done. Try using the card catalog and computers available to make your search easier.
Choose your research topic carefully If you have the freedom to choose what your research paper could be about, take advantage of the situation and choose a topic that you are interested in or a topic you are curious about. By doing this, it gives you motivation to do necessary research for it. Be specific when selecting a topic because most writers make a mistake in choosing a topic that is too general. Jot down the proper notes Like our first tip, be organized when it comes to writing down your notes.
Take note of the information that will only be of help to you. Try color coding your notes by topic and you can use highlighters for marking the beneficial details so you can find that specific topic very easily. This is best if there is too much to note down on paper. It will definitely save you time.
Brainstorm an outline After in-depth research, you can proceed to writing an outline. With all the notes and vital information that you gathered, start brainstorming where those cheating-if buy college essay papers examples of metaphors adjust topics fit in. Note down what part would be the beginning, middle and end.
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