Examples of critical argument analysis essay
Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here It is common for feedback on student writing to focus on the need to engage more critically with the source material. Typical comments from tutors are: This Study Guide gives ideas for how to improve the level of critical analysis you demonstrate in your writing. Other Study Guides you may find useful are: Ccritical is Critical Reading? Using Paragraphs and The Art of Editing. What is critical check this out The most characteristic features of critical writing are: What is descriptive writing?
The most characteristic features of descriptive writing are that it will describe something, but will not go beyond an account of what appears to be there.
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A certain amount of descriptive writing is needed to establish for example: The difference between descriptive writing and critical writing With descriptive writing you are not developing argument; you are merely setting the background within which an argument can be developed. You are representing the situation as it stands, without presenting any analysis or discussion.
A critical analysis usually includes a summary—a concise restatement of what a text says—and an evaluation—how well it says it. It is important to begin writing a paper far enough ahead of time to allow yourself a few days or even a week to revise before it is due. For instance, in an analysis of the Katz commentary, the body would offer specific illustrations of the flawed passages in Katz's essqy these illustrations would support the analytical claims that you are making about the work. In other words, avoid simply saying that something is "good" or "effective" and say what specifically makes it "good" or "effective. These databases provide you with free access to articles and other resources that you cannot usually gain access to by using a search engine.
Descriptive writing is relatively simple. There is also atgument trap that it can be easy to use many, many words from your word limit, simply providing description. In providing only description, you are presenting but not transforming information; you are reporting ideas but not taking them forward in any way. An assignment using only descriptive writing would therefore gain examples of critical argument analysis essay marks.
With critical writing you are participating in the academic debate. This is more challenging and risky. You need to weigh up the evidence and arguments of others, and to contribute your own. You will need to: A much higher level of skill is clearly needed for critical writing than for descriptive writing, and this is reflected in the higher marks it is given. Finding your academic voice When you engage in critical writing you are developing your own academic voice within your subject. They suggest that the academic voice will involve: Succeeding with your doctorate.
Try to get into the habit of writing critically, by making sure that you read critically, and that you include critique in your writing. Stringing together of quotes It can be tempting to string together quotes to support an argument, feeling that the more quotes you include, the stronger your argument.
It is important, however, to remember that you also need to interpret the quotes to the reader, and to explain their relevance, discuss their validity, and show how they relate to other evidence.
Strategic use of paragraphs There are several ways in which you can use the paragraph to enhance your critical writing. You can use paragraphs to make a clear and visual separation between descriptive writing and critical analysis, by switching to a new paragraph when you move from description to critical writing, and read more versa.
This can help in: A paragraph break can provide a brief pause for your readers within a longer argument; giving them the opportunity to make sure they are keeping up with your reasoning. Paragraphs that are overly long can require readers to hold too much in their mind at once, resulting in their having to re-read the material until they can identify the point you are making. You analyss also use paragraphs to push yourself to include critical writing alongside descriptive writing or referencing, by considering each paragraph almost as an essay in miniature.
Within each paragraph you examplea Beyond that, however, there is a danger that too much descriptive writing will use up valuable words from your word limit, and reduce the space you have for the critical writing that will get you higher marks. A useful habit to get into is to make sure that, if you describe some evidence relevant to your argument, you need then to explain to learn more here reader why it is relevant.
The logic of your explanation contributes to the critical component of your writing. So, a sentence or two might describe and reference the evidence, but this is not enough in itself.
The next few sentences need to explain what this evidence contributes to the argument you are making. This may feel essy duplication at first, or that you are explaining something that is obvious, but it is your responsibility to ensure that the relevance of the evidence is explained to the reader; you should not simply assume that the reader will be following the same logic as you, or will just work out the relevance of the quote or data you have described.
Line of argument So far this Study Guide has considered the detail of what you write. The other key element in critical writing analyais the overall structure of your piece of writing. For maximum effectiveness, your writing needs to have a line, or lines of argument running through it from the Introduction to the Conclusion. Just as you have used paragraphs on a micro argunent to present your critical writing, so you need to consider the ordering of those paragraphs within the overall structure.
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The aim is to lead your readers carefully through the thread of your argument, to a well-supported conclusion. The author refers to the available evidence, but also evaluates the validity of that evidence, and assesses what contribution it can realistically make to the debate. There are a number of inherent analusis difficulties in evaluating treatment efficacy in this area, and this has contributed to controversy within the research literature surrounding treatment outcomes for this group of offenders Marshall, Firstly, while there is no doubt that the primary criterion of treatment success is a reduction in the rate of re-offending Marshall et al.
It is well established that there is a discrepancy between re-offending and reconviction rates: Indeed, a significant proportion of offences committed by offenders are either unreported, or do not result in the offender being convicted Abel et al. You can see how the author is considering the available evidence, but also the limitations on that evidence, and will be taking all of this into account in drawing conclusions. Checklist for an overall review of your writing It is always worth taking a critical look examples of critical argument analysis essay your own writing before submitting it for assessment.
What might someone who disagrees with you say about your paper? Part 3 Writing Your Essay 1 Develop your tentative thesis. A word about anqlysis thesis statement Remember that no matter what format you follow in writing your critical analysis, it should have a thesis statement that establishes your approach to or opinion about the piece. What is the author's thesis? Other disciplines, in contrast, favor a model in which the summary and analysis are smoothly integrated. A paragraph break can provide a brief pause for your readers within a longer argument; giving them the opportunity to make sure they are article source up with your reasoning.
The kinds of questions that might be useful to ask at that stage are: What is the balance between essy and critical writing? While a certain amount of description is necessary to set the context for your analysis, the main characteristic of academic writing is its critical element. A useful way to check this balance in your own writing is to use two coloured pens and to mark in the margin whether the lines are descriptive or critical.
The balance will change at different points, but you need to make sure there is enough of the colour that represents critical writing.
What is the purpose of this text? Is so, how so? Think about whether or not this author has adequately researched the topic. In addition, Tolkien's diction is formal and quite dense. Part 3 Writing Your Essay 1 Develop your tentative thesis.
A critical read through your own writing may reveal gaps in your logic, which you can rectify before you submit it for the critique of others. Is my conclusion trailed and supported sufficiently well by my preceding analysis and argument? Critial out the conclusions that you have drawn, then locate and check the supporting evidence you provide earlier analysia.
It is also a way of checking that, when your reader comes to the end of your writing, the conclusions make critifal, rather than being a surprise, or an unconvincing leap of logic.
Have I included any unsubstantiated statements? Sometimes a generalised, sweeping statement can slip through: There are three main ways of dealing with such statements: