Cows depicted in the decorated gopuram of the Kapaleeshwarar temple in Chennai. The varied and rich wildlife of India has had a profound impact on the region's popular culture. Common name for wilderness in India is Jungle which was adopted by induan British colonialists to the English language. The word has been also made famous in The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling.
India's wildlife has been the subject of numerous other tales and fables such as the Panchatantra and the Jataka tales. This is why beef remains a taboo food in mainstream Hindu and Jain society. Several states of India have passed laws to protect cows, while many states have no restrictions on the production and consumption of beef.
Some groups oppose the butchering of cows, while other secular groups argue that what kind of meat one eats ought to be a beayty of personal choice in a democracy. Madhya Pradesh enacted a law in Januarynamely the Gau-Vansh Vadh Pratishedh Sanshodhan Act, which makes cow slaughter a serious offence. Gujarat, a western state of India, has the Animal Preservation Act, enacted in Octoberthat prohibits killing of cows along with eseay, selling and transport of beef. In contrast, Odisha, Assam and Andhra Pradesh allow butchering of cattle with a exsay certificate.
In the states of West Bengal and Culyure, consumption of beef is not deemed an offence. Contrary to stereotypes, a sizeable number of Hindus eat beef, and many argue that their scriptures, such as Vedic and Upanishadic examples of essay in literary history do not prohibit its consumption. In southern Indian state Kerala, for instance, beef accounts for nearly half of all meat consumed by all communities, including Hindus.
Sociologists theorise that the widespread consumption of cuture meat in India is because it is a far cheaper source of animal protein for the poor than mutton or chicken, which retail at double the price. For these reasons, India's beef consumption post-independence in has witnessed a much faster growth than any other kind of meat; currently, India is one of the five largest producer and consumer of cattle livestock meat in the world.
A beef ban has been made in Inrian and other states as of While states such as Madhya Pradesh are passing local laws to prevent cruelty to cows, other Indians are arguing "If the real objective is to prevent cruelty to animals, then why single out the cow when hundreds of other animals are maltreated. Indian cuisine Indian cuisine is diverse, ranging from very spicy to very mild, varying with seasons in each region.
These reflect the local agricultureregional climateculinary innovations and cultural diversity. Food in India is sometimes served in thali — a plate with rice, bread and a selection of sides.
Share9 Shares 84 A just and viable tax regime is vital for the sustainable economic growth and fiscal consolidation of any economy in the world. This assumes a greater importance in a developing economy like India where although we have a high demographic dividend, we are yet to convert it to the proportionate human capital, which will in turn benefit the social and economic growth of the country.
In order to facilitate this, we need a conducive environment as we push forward towards becoming a better developed nation. In order to become a more economically developed nation, we need a transparent, just, equitable and fair taxation system that is easy to administer. The essential rationale behind this is that the taxation system should be reasonable and non-discriminatory in respect to both the direct taxes payable by individuals and the indirect taxes payable by corporations and industries so as to make them more tax-compliant and bring the larger populace in the taxation net to in turn aid the government in taking development projects.
Goods and Services Tax GST is a reformatory legislation which is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value additionwhich makes GST essentially a tax only on value addition at each stage. The final consume will thus bear only the GST charged by the last dealer in the supply chain with set-off benefits at all the previous stages.
From to the Indirect Tax-GDP ratio has increased from The burden of regressive taxes is another issue that the GST aims to redress. Direct taxes are progressive taxes as they source contingent on the ability of the taxpayer to pay. Furthermore, the sharing of financial resources and revenue from the tax system between essay on gst implications in india Centre and the State is made simpler by the GST tax reform. Furthermore the cascading of taxes with both the Centre and State levying taxes as the taxes levied by the State Government are not available to set off against the taxes being levied by the State Governments.
At the central level GST will subsume Central Excise Duty, Additional Excise Duty, Service Tax, Additional Customs Duty Countervailing Dutyand Special Additional, Duty of Customs. Also, the variety of VAT tax laws in the country with disparate tax rates and dissimilar tax practices divides the country into separate economic spheres thereby creating tariff and non tariff barriers thereby hindering the free flow of trade in the country. This in turn also constitutes high compliance cost for the taxpayers disadvantageous to economic growth of a country.
From south to north, the Himalayan Mountain is again divided physjcal three longitudinal divisions. This is basically the foothills of Himalaya. South to north it is only kms wide. Height is considerably lower than the other Himalayan regions. Width varies between kms. Altitude mwp greater than 3, The Himadri or Great Himalaya: Highest altitudes is visible among the Himalayan divisions. Geo-Economic Importance of Himalaya: This mountain helps immensely to maintain moderate climatic condition in the Indian interior, throughout the year. During the severe summer, when entire India experience sultry, hot weather, the Himalayan region remains cool due to high altitude.
Innumerable rivers and rivulets debouches from the snow-melt glaciers of this mountain. The south-west monsoon is prohibited by Himalaya in its further north-bound journey. This obstruction creates heavy precipitation in the southern slope of this mountain. In fact, the monsoonal rainfall is entirely dependent on the presence of Himalaya.
On the other hand, during winter, this mountain range jap India from the chilly wind from further north. As Himalaya is mostly composed of younger rocks, its intensity of soil erosion is higher compared to other regions. This soil erosion facilitates the rivers to deposit substantial amount of sediments in its lower esszy.
Most of the Himalayan Rivers are not navigable, but the velocity of the rivers help immensely in producing hydro-electricity. The vast forest resources of the Himalayas provide ample valuable woods and logs. Livestock ranching is another economic activity in Himalaya, providing occupation to a sizable section of the people.
Free essay on Capital punishment in India Rohit Bura Free essay on Capital punishment in India In India, inthere were three cases of boys of eight, nine, and eleven years who were hanged. In the Mughal period, torturous methods were used in the execution of condemned criminals. However, today there are a very few crimes for which death penalty is imposed. Four characteristics of capital punishment may be pointed out or our country: The Indian Penal Code recognises capital punishment under eight sections,,and for different offences. Article 21 of the Indian Constitution provides that "no person shall be deprived of his life and personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law.
There was a proposal in mid from some sources that capital punishment should be awarded to rapists. However, this view has not been accepted by many. Even the National Commission for Women in its recommendation made in April did not recommend capital punishment for rape. This recommendation was made on the basis of opinions expressed by social workers, victims of rape, counselors, psychiatrists, NGOs, etc.
Only four workshops recommended capital punishment, 10 were against it and two did not express any specific opinion. The first successful effort for abolishing capital punishment in India was made in Travancore in but it was reintroduced in The number of persons awarded capital punishment by the courts in Travancore was inin and in Ina bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha by one Agrawal for abolishing capital punishment but it was rejected by Parliament in The then Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Mrs. Violet Alva intervening in the debate on the resolution had said: A correct assessment of the situation in the country rather than sentiment should guide our approach to this question.
Since the crime situation continues to be serious, the time was not ripe to do away with capital punishment, though principles underlying the demand for its abolition may be accepted The Hindustan Times, September 10, Inthe Law Commission was asked to look into the question of abolishing capital punishment. It gave its recommendations in November and turned down the idea of abolition. Infive judges of the Supreme Court of India discussed its justification. Of these, four were in favour of retaining click at this page, while one was in favour of abolishing it.
At present, capital punishment in India is given for seven crimes. Though capital punishment is still sanctioned in our country, yet four types of persons are exempted from it: There is also a provision for appealing to the President for mercy after the Supreme Court rejects appeals. The Indian Constitution provides for altering the death sentence into life imprisonment if there was prolonged delay in the execution of death sentence.
Such cases occurred in in the case of one Piare Dusadh when he awaited the execution of death sentence for over a yearin in Andhra Pradesh in the "capital punishment" of Edigo Anamma who awaited execution for two yearsin in Uttar Pradesh in the case of Bhagan Bux Singh who awaited execution for two and a half yearsin in Uttar Pradeshin the case of Sadhu Singh who awaited execution for three and a half yearsin in Tamil Nadu in the case of S. Fazal Ali who awaited execution for eight years Cf. Jaswal and Jaswal, Social Defence, January However, the Supreme Court also said in one case in that in every case in which there is a long delay in execution of death sentence, the sentence need not be substituted by sentence of life imprisonment.
Because of two different rulings of the Supreme Court, confusion prevailed for two years in the courts but in it was again ruled by the Supreme Court that if there was a prolonged delay of two years or more in the execution of death sentence, the accused could invoke the law Article 21 and get the sentence substituted. The number of persons admitted with death sentence in India was males and 13 females in and males and 6 females in However, the actual number of persons executed was males and 2 females in and all males in In81, persons were arrested 77, or Of these, trial was completed in 63, cases including pending casesof which 20, were convicted and were awarded capital punishment.
But hardly 20 were hanged.
Essay on Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solution On By Ankita Mitra Category: BlogEnvironment Environmental pollution refers to the link of harmful pollutants into the environment. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and on the activities of living beings. The major types of environmental pollution are air pollutionwater pollution, noise pollutionthermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution. Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to environmental pollution. During the last 10 years, the world has witnessed severe rise in ejvironmental pollution.
We all live on planet earth, which is the only planet known to have an environment, where air and water are two basic things that sustain life. Without air and water the earth would be like the other planets — no man, no animals, no plants. The biosphere in which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor.
All these are well balanced to ensure and help a healthy growth of life in the animal world. This balance does not only help the life-cycles of animals and plants, but it probleem creates the perennial sources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of to-day could not be built. It is for this balance that the human life and other forms of existence have flourished on earth for so many thousands of years. Short paragraph on Pollution But man, as the most intelligent animalnever stopped being inquisitive, nor was he content esway the bounties of nature.
His quest for knowledge and search for security succeeded in exploring newer and wider avenues of mysteries that remained baffling so long. And, it is here that man first began losing control and became prisoner of his own creations. Different Types of Pollution Sources and Causes The sources and causes of environmental pollution includes the following: The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances.
The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, industrial effluents and the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both air and water. Chemical waste resulting from industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too just click for source well as releasing fumes. Household and commercial waste pollutes the environment when not disposed of properly.
The smoke emitted environmentxl vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment. The multiplication of vehicles, emitting black smoke that, being free and unfettered, spreads out and mixes with the air we breathe. The harmful smoke of these vehicles causes air link. Further, the sounds produced by these vehicles produces causes noise-pollution. Rapid urbanization and industrialization: The urbanization and the rapid growth of industrialization are causing through environmental pollution the greatest harm to the plant life, which in turn essxy harm to the animal kingdom and the human lives.
Due to the increase in population, particularly in developing countries, there has been surge in demand for basic food, occupation and shelter.
Essay on Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solution On By Ankita Mitra Category: BlogEnvironment Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into essag environment. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and on the activities of living beings. The major types of environmental pollution are pproblem pollutionwater pollution, noise pollutionthermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution. Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to environmental pollution. During the last 10 years, the world has witnessed severe rise more info environmental pollution.
We provlem live on planet earth, which is the only planet known to have an environment, where air and water are two basic things that sustain life. Without air essay on pollution problem in india water the earth would be like the other planets — no man, no animals, no plants. The biosphere in which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor. All these are well balanced to ensure and help a healthy growth of life in the animal world. This balance does not only help the life-cycles of animals and plants, but it also creates the perennial sources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of to-day could not be built.
It is for this balance that the human life and other forms of existence have flourished on earth for so many thousands of years. Short paragraph on Pollution But man, as the most intelligent animalnever stopped being inquisitive, nor was he content with the bounties of nature. His quest for knowledge and search for security succeeded in exploring newer and wider avenues of mysteries that remained baffling so long.
And, it is here that man first began losing control and became prisoner of his own creations. Different Types of Pollution Sources and Causes The sources and causes of environmental pollution includes the following: The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, industrial effluents and the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both air and water.
Chemical waste resulting eessay industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too as well as releasing fumes. Household and commercial waste pollutes the environment priblem not disposed of properly. The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment.
Though it lives for the short duration, it bewitches people in such a way that they sing songs in its praise throughout the year. In this season there is neither too cold nor too hot. That's why the nature wears a kind look. It is at its best with greenery everywhere. All the trees and plants are in bloom. The crops get ripen and the fields look golden.
We see new and tender leaves which come out in the branches of the trees. The birds remain silent throughout the winter season. But as soon as the spring comes, they break their silence and start singing link songs. They look so gay that it seems as if they are thanking to God with their thousands of notes. People wait for this season for outing as the climate becomes mild, they ejoy picnics during this season. Nature gives a grand feast to our hungry eyes. Buds of flowers peep to see its beautiful sight. Flowers bloom and spread their sweet fragrance all around.
They make us feel healthy and active. We do much work during this season because we never get tired. We feel fresh all the time and this is the main attraction of the spring. The villages present even more beautiful sight. There we find nature in its full bloom. The green and yellow fields fill our hearts with hope. The farmers look very happy because their crops are ripe and they would soon reap the reward of their months of long labour.
They feel a feeling of plenty in the air. The spring revels reach a climax during the Holi festival in March.
Pranab Mukherjee Pratibha Patil, born December 19,Jalgaon, Maharashtra, IndiaIndian lawyer and politician who was the first woman to serve as president of India — She joined the Indian National Congress Congress Party and entered politics in as a member of the Maharashtra legislative assembly. While there, she held the portfolio of public health and social welfare and distinguished herself for her loyalty to esay party.
In she won a seat in the Rajya Sabha upper chamber of the Indian parliamentand she served as deputy chairman of that body from to Patil left the upper house in and was elected to represent Amravati in the Lok Sabha lower house in She briefly retired from politics after completing her five-year term but returned to public service pratiibha when she was appointed governor pratibah the northwestern state of Rajasthan. She took office in July and was succeeded five years later by former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee.
She was criticized for the large number of trips she took overseas, often accompanied by relatives. She also faced much opposition for her acquisition of land in PuneMaharashtra state, to construct her retirement home. The land was owned by the Indian military and was intended for use by the widows of servicemen. Patil eventually abandoned that project and moved into a renovated house in Pune. In addition, she came under fire for commuting sentences of death to life in prison for a large number of inmates convicted of particularly violent crimes. Learn More in essay on president of india pratibha patil related articles:.