Essay on legal aid in india

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Free Sample Essay on the concept of Legal Aid Article shared by Aliva Manjari Article 39A of the Constitution provides for free legal aid to the poor and weaker sections of society.

  • The constitution has setup some norms according to which a person a entitled to get free legal Aid Service:
  • The Free Legal Services include:
  • Thus, legal aid strives to ensure that the constitutional pledge is fulfilled in its letter and spirit and equal justice is made available to the downtrodden and weaker sections of the society.

The Legal services Authorities Acts as amended by the Act of which came into force on 9 Novemberaims at establishing a nation-wide network for providing free and comprehensive legal services to the weaker sections. National Legal Services Authority NALSA has been set up for implementing and monitoring legal aid programmes in the Country.

There cannot be any real equality in criminal cases unless the accused gets a fair trial of defending himself against the charge and a professional assistance. State of Bihar, it was held that if any accused is not able to afford legal services india he aid a right to free legal aid at the cost of the state. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It is an Act to constitute legal services authorities to provide free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities, and to organize Lok Adalats to secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice on a basis of equal opportunity.

The Supreme Court Legal Services Committee is being established to provide free legal aid to the eligible persons in legal matters coming before the High Courts. The Legal Services Authorities Act also provides for constitution of the State Legal Services Committees, High Court Legal Services Committees, district legal Services Committees and Taluk Legal Services Committees. In cases before the Supreme Court, the limit is Rs.

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This limit can be increased by the state governments. Limitation as to the income does not apply in the case of persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, women, children, handicapped etc. The legal aid programme adopted by NALSA include promotion of legal literacy, setting up of legal aid clinics in universities and Law Colleges, training of para-legals, and holding aid camps and Lok Adalats.

The Government has sanctioned Rs.

Essay on legal aid in india

The NALSA is also monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the legal aid programmes in the country. Up to December about Lok Adalats have proved to be an effective mechanism for resolution of disputes through conciliatory methods. Up to 31 Decemberabout 17, Lok Adalats have been in different parts of the country where about In about 3, Under the Legal Services Authorities Act, Lok Adalat has been given the status of a Civil Court and every award made by Lok Adalat is final and binding on all parties and no appeal lies to any court against its award.

Attorney-General The Attorney General for India is appointed by President and office during the pleasure of the President. He must be a person qualification to be appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court.

Promote more informal paralegal services in places where basic access to justice opportunities and infrastructures are absent. Thus, legal aid strives to ensure that the constitutional pledge is fulfilled in its letter and spirit and equal justice is made available to the downtrodden and weaker sections of the society. The Australian Government and most state and territory governments also fund community legal centres, which are independent, non-profit organisations which provide referral, advice and assistance to people with legal problems. According to various articles of the Indian essau, it is the right of an accused to ask for legal aid if he is not able to afford it. The constitution of India gives much essay on legal aid in india to rule of law. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. A limited number essy public defenders are directly employed by the Legal Aid Agency in Public Defender Service offices; they provide advice in police stations and advocacy in magistrates and crown courts. Patel, Principal, New Lal College, and Ahemdabad.

It is the duty of the Attorney-General of India to give advice to the Government if India upon such legal matters, and to perform such other duties of a legal character as may be referred or assigned to him by the President and to discharge the functions conferred on him by or under the Constitution or any other law. In the performance of his duties, he has the right of audience in all courts in India as well as the right to take part in the proceeding of parliament, without the right to vote. In the discharge of his functions, the Attorney-General is assisted by Solicitor-General and Additional Solicitor-General.

In India the law relating to legal profession is governed by the Advocates Act, and the rules framed thereunder by the Bar Council of India. It is a self-contained code of law relating to legal practitioner and provides for the constitution of State Bar Councils and Bar Council of India.

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A person enrolled as an advocate under the Advocates Actis entitled to practise law throughout the country. An advocate on the role of a State Bar Council may apply for transfer to the roll of any other State Bar council in the prescribed manner. No person can be enrolled an advocate on the roll of more than one State Bar Council.

This committee came to be known as CILAS Committee for Implementing Legal Aid schemes and started monitoring legal Aid activities throughout the country. There are two classes of advocates, namely, senior advocates and other advocates. The apex court has held access to justice as a human right. The ultimate object of the Government is that legal aid be click and equally available to citizens everywhere in Australia and that aid be extended for advice and assistance of litigation as well as for litigation in all legal categories and in all courts. Legal service initiatives, such as neighbourhood mediation and legal services, frequently have to close due to lack of demand, while others are overwhelmed with clients. Contributions Made By Justice V. Essay on legal aid in india arrangement for aid and advice to the undertrials was to be provided.

There are two classes of advocates, namely, senior advocates and other advocates. An advocate with his consent may be designated as a senior advocate, if the Supreme Court or a High Court of the opinion that by virtue of his ability, standing at the Bar or special knowledge or experience in law, he deserved such distinction.


Essay on legal aid in india

A senior advocate cannot appear without an advocate-on-record in the Supreme Court or without some other advocate in the state roll in any other Court or Tribunal. Standards of education have been prescribed for enrolment as an advocate.

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There are also rules regulating standards of professional conduct and etiquette and other matters. State Bar Councils have disciplinary jurisdiction over advocates whose names appear on their rolls.

This is subject to right of appeal to the Bar Council of India and a further right of appeal to the Supreme Court of India. Law Commission of India: Jeevan Reddy Chairman and Mrs Justice Leila Seth and Dr.

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Ghatate as Members, Dr. Madhava Menon as part-time member and Dr. The terms of reference of the Law Commission are: The commission has taken up various subjects according to the terms of reference. The Commission has submitted the following reports:

  • In July the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the lack of legal aid in defamation cases, which was the position under the Legal Aid Act , applicable at the time of the McLibel case, could violate a defendant's right.
  • State of Maharastra 3 SCC Art.
  • The court also ruled that it would make a mockery of Legal Aid if it were to be left to a poor, ignorant and illiterate accused person to ask for a free legal Aid.

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