Essay on environmental issues in india
Essay on Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solution On By Ankita Mitra Category: BlogEnvironment Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and on the activities envirinmental living beings.
The major types of environmental pollution are air pollutionwater esway, noise pollutionthermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution. Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to environmental pollution. During the last 10 years, inndia world has witnessed severe rise in environmental pollution.
We all live on planet earth, which is the only planet known to have an environment, where air and water are two basic things that sustain life. Without air and water the earth would be like the other planets — no man, no animals, no plants. The biosphere in which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor. All these are well balanced to ensure and help a healthy growth of life in the animal world. This balance does not only help the life-cycles of animals iswues plants, but it also creates the perennial sources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of to-day could not be built.
It is for this balance that the human life and other forms of existence have flourished on earth for so many thousands of years. Short paragraph on Pollution But man, as the most intelligent animalnever stopped being inquisitive, nor was he content with the bounties of nature. His quest for knowledge and search for security succeeded in exploring newer and wider avenues of mysteries that remained baffling so long. And, it is here that man first began losing control and became prisoner of his own creations.
Different Types of Pollution Sources and Causes The sources and causes of environmental pollution includes the following: The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, industrial effluents and the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both air and water. Chemical waste resulting from industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too as well as releasing fumes.
Household and commercial waste pollutes the environment when not disposed of properly. The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes click environment. The multiplication of vehicles, emitting black smoke that, being free and unfettered, spreads out and mixes with the air we breathe. The harmful smoke of these vehicles causes ebvironmental pollution. Further, the sounds produced by these vehicles produces causes noise-pollution.
Rapid urbanization and industrialization: The urbanization and the rapid growth of industrialization are causing through environmental pollution the greatest harm to the plant life, which in turn causing harm to the animal kingdom and the human lives. Due to the increase in population, particularly in developing countries, there has been surge in demand for basic environmenal, occupation and shelter.
The world has witnessed massive deforestation to expand absorb the growing population and their demands. Combustion of fossil fuels: The combustion of fossil fuels pollutes the air, the soil and the water with noxious gases such as CO2 and CO. Fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture are key causes of environmental pollution. Sources of Water, Air and Soil Pollution Effect Environmental pollution has negatively affected the life of both human-beings and animals.
Almost all of our gains in the fields of industrial progress, science and technology had so far been realized at the cost of our health. Even our flora and fauna were found to be threatened with extinction. All this really leaves us wondering if all our achievements and industrial civilization really help us climb the environmenhal of prosperity or simply take us down the blind alleys of adversity.
It is not only in India, but all over the world — even in Envrionmental and U.
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Many crusaders against environmental pollution are vehemently protesting against the indiscriminate violations committed daily in the name of development. The environmental pollution is not caused by the fall-out from nuclear tests or industries alone.
The smoke left behind the automobiles and other vehicular traffic, the increasing use of synthetic detergents, nitrogen fertilizers and insecticides contaminate both air and water. The water we drink the vegetables are all contaminated to-day. Envlronmental a result of this contamination our world is afflicted with a quite a number of incurable diseases. Environmental pollution affects water sources which mean that there is less fresh water available for drinking, washing, cooking and irrigating crops. Nothing in this world is immune, no life is safe and the future of this world is bleak.
The factories are mostly built in populated areas and the smoke-emitting vehicles ply through the congested areas. Besides causing immense disturbances, there are increasing case of pulmonary tuberculosis and envidonmental and various sorts of brain and heart complications.
The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment. Landslides are activated by seismic tremors, heavy rainfall and deforestation. InIEA estimates that it emitted about 1. Select Page Environmental Issues Essay There are many environmental issues in this modern technological world affecting our health and lifestyle to a great extent. Surveys suggest over million households in India use such stoves chullahs every day, 2—3 times a day. It may result from undercutting of the slope, for example marine erosion of a sea cliff, road construction, digging of canals, mining and quarrying, overgrazing, deforestation and unscientific agricultural activities along the hill slopes.
Air-pollution may cause severe lungs-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder diseases, etc. It can also contaminate the ground water. Noise-pollution have negative effects on hearing or auditory sense organs.
It can also cause deafness, tiredness, and mental losses. The heat generated by industries and vehicles causes thermal pollution by raising the environmental temperature of the nearby areas. Many scientists believe that we are living in an era of mass extinction, due to human made environmental pollution. The birth of mills and factories is the result of the growth of industry in this machine-predominated age.
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The worst industrial environment tragedy occurred at Bhopal on December 3, as a result of toxic and poisonous leakage of methyl isocyanate MIC gas from a multi-national Union Carbide pesticides manufacturing plant. Solution What then is the remedy? There surely cannot be any radical solution, for the existing factories cannot be bodily lifted to a place far from the envlronmental zone.
However, the following attempts can be made to solve the problem of environmental pollution. The Government can at least see that future factories are set up at a distant place, an industrial complex far away from the township. Read article may find out how to avoid harmful smoke from running vehicles.
The need is early warning system, planting of mangroves and building of protection walls. Initiatives The UN Conference on Human Environment was convened to study the profound changes in the relationship between man and his environment in the wake of modern scientific and technological developments. Rapid urbanization has caused a buildup of heavy metals in the soil of the city of Ghaziabad, and these metals are being ingested through contaminated vegetables. Empirical evidence from countries such as Japan, England and Singapore, each with population density similar or higher than India, yet each enjoying environmental quality vastly superior than India, suggests population density may not be the only factor affecting India's issues. Water pollution in India The Taj Mahal next to the Yamuna river.
Deforestation should be stopped and Forestry should be developed. Discharge of Factory wastes in rivers should be banned so as to make the river-water free from pollution. Recycle the sewage or in all events it can be disposed of in such a way as to prevent it from polluting the environment. Reducing the amount that we buy, reusing and repairing items wherever possible, and recycling as much as we can will all help to reduce the amount of waste dumped in the environment.
When we do need to throw away waste we should do so responsibly. Organic farming could be one solution for reducing environmental pollution levels. Initiatives The UN Conference on Human Environment was convened to study the profound changes in the relationship between man and his environment envifonmental the wake of modern scientific and technological developments.
The World Health Organization also set up an international network for the monitoring and study of air pollution on a global scale and for devising possible remedies. Conclusion We can very well notice the abnormal behaviour of the seasons — the cycle developing clogs in its wheels; and the worried experts fear that the disturbed balance in the biosphere ij assumed such serious proportion that very soon our world would be uninhabitable like Hiroshima of But it is heartening to find the entire world aware of the menace.
Some of the advanced countries have already taken some measures to meet it. If we fail to restore the ecological balance right now, it would be too late tomorrow.