Essay on employment generation and skill india
Approach in 12th five year plan Improved training and skill development is critical for genration decent employment opportunities to the growing skil, population and is necessary to sustain the high growth momentum.
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The benefits of skill development could be seen in placement of students of Industrial Training Institutes ITIs. Experts say increase in the interface between the companies and ITIs is also responsible for improvement in placements, besides improved skills.
Although institutional structure has been put in place, there is still long way to go. While skill formation has to be mainstreamed in the formal education system right from class X onwards, skill creation outside the formal education needs coordinated action and innovative approach. National Skill Development Mission launched in the Eleventh Plan has brought about a paradigm shift in handling skill development programmes, and has put in place a Coordinated Action Plan for Skill Development.
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A three tier institutional structure is already in place for the purpose. An important tier skipl the Coordinated Action Plan for Skill Development, National Skill Development Corporation NSDC has already made significant progress and bulk of such skill formation targeted particularly at the large unorganized sector will come through NSDC interventions and initiatives at the State level.
For this, support to NSDC would have to be significantly enhanced and State Skill Development Missions in all States would have to be fully operational and effective during the Twelfth Plan. There is a need for concerted action in several keys areas in order to ensure that skill formation takes place in a demand driven manner. Accreditation and certification link has to be improved.
There is a need to establish an institutional mechanism for providing access to information geenration skill inventory and skill maps on a real time basis. Standards may be set by the industry-led sector skill councils which must be made effective esay the Twelfth Plan, while the accreditation of certification processes should be done by independent, specialized agencies with certification left to the institutions. Skill Development Centres can be established ezsay existing education and training institutions.
This would ensure huge saving in cost and time. A system of funding poor people for skill development through direct financial aid or loan also needs to be put in place.
- We are also focusing on traditional economy jobs like fisheries, embroidery etc.
- If India wants to become a manufacturing-hub, given its requirement for employment generation to reap the demographic advantage; it must focus on skill development instead of present education system.
- Therefore, in order to increase enrolments, the combined efforts with local NGOs and Panchayats on informing women and their families on the advantages of vocational education, which may lead to employability, is very important.
Apprenticeship training as another mode for on job training has to be remodeled to make it more effective and up scaled significantly. Finally, vocational education at the school level and vocational training through ITIs Industrial Training Institutes and ITCs Industrial Training Centres need significant expansion and overhaul.
There is an urgent need to revisit the scheme for upgradation of governments ITIs as Centres of Excellence through the PPP Public Private Partnership to implement it more effectively during the Twelfth Plan.
Positions likely to be demand in the coming years include data scientists, retail planners, product managers and digital marketers. Feb 16, Placement firms expect govts push to mfg through Make in India to start generating new employment in next few months. These jobs are in driver training, repairs, spare parts shops, insurance, dealerships etc. There nad be clear PPP model in which monitoring will essay on employment generation and skill india done by govt. There is no opportunity for continuous skill up-gradation. Similarly, in financial technologies, the entry of outfits such as PayTM that combine technology with financial services is also giving a new impetus to job creation. Therefore, in order to increase enrolments, the combined efforts with local NGOs and Panchayats on informing women and their families on the advantages of vocational education, which may lead to employability, is very important. A more formalized structure for vocational training will also help generatipn greater respect and acceptability for this initiative among the beneficiaries and the society at large. Public-Private Partnership in financing, service delivery, and provision of workspaces and training for trainers should be promoted.
There is a need for establishing flexible learning pathways integrated to schooling on one end and higher education on the other through National Vocational Education Qualification Framework NVEQF. Public-Private Partnership in financing, service delivery, and provision of workspaces and training for trainers should be promoted. There is a need for removal of entry barriers to private participation, while putting in place an effective regulatory framework for coordinating the network of Private players, as also for monitoring, evaluating and analyzing outcomes of various programmes.
All these issues have received thoughtful consideration during the Eleventh Plan; now operational details have to be worked out and specific initiatives launched during the Twelfth Plan. The aim should be to increase the percentage of the workforce which has received formal skills through vocational education and training from This would mean that about 70 million more people have to be imparted formal skills in the next five years.
The government on Wednesday also launched a skill card, which can be used by employers to verify the training credentials of job seekers. Finally vocational education at the school level and vocational training through Industrial Training Institutes ITIs and Industrial Training Centres ITCs need significant expansion and overhaul. Many states are starting to set year-wise targets for skill development, specifying the state budgetary allocation, and complementing Government efforts by encouraging private investment. Public-Private Partnerships in financing, service delivery, and provision of workspaces and training essa trainers should be promoted. Manufacturing processes, on the other hand, does not require academic skills to that extent, for majority of work-force. Skill is a national agenda
Sectors that will create large employment Textiles and Garments.